Porcelain and faience factories of the Soviet period:|
- Leningradskiy Porcelain Factory named after M.V. Lomonosov (the State Porcelain Factory (pre 1917), Lomonosov factory, LFZ, GFZ (pre 1941), IFZ (pre 1917)).
It was founded in 1744 in Saint Petersburg and up to 1917 it was called the Emperor's Porcelain factory. In 1918 it was nationalized and renamed into the State Porcelain factory, in 1924 Leningradskiy Porcelain factory, and since 1925 Leningradskiy Porcelain Factory named after M.V. Lomonosov. In 1931 the country's first artistic laboratory was organized at the factory. The factory did not work during the years of World War II; it was partially evacuated to the Urals to the city of Irbit. In 1993 it was reorganized and renamed as AOZT "Lomonosovskiy Porcelain factory".
- Leningradskiy Experimental Factory (LOZ, LZFI, Leningrad Factory No.2 ).
It was founded in the 1920s attached to the All-Russian Research Institute of Porcelain and Faience. Technical articles were produced there and then production of porcelain and faience plates, dishes and sculpture began. Initially it was called Leningradskiy Factory of Porcelain Articles, and then Leningradskiy Experimental factory. It was closed in the 1990s.
- Dmitrovskiy Porcelain Factory. (Verbiky)
The factory was founded in 1766 in Verbilki village of Dmitrovskiy district of Moscow province by English merchant F.Y. Gardner. In 1892 it was sold to M.S. Kuznetsov. It was nationalized in April of 1918 and at the same time renamed into the Dmitrovskiy Factory. In the beginning of the 1920s restoration began and up to 1924 it was managed by the board. In the 1930s the production was extended. In 1934 (1938) the artistic laboratory was created attached to the factory. In the years of World War II the factory produced porcelain insulators and dishes for hospitals. At present it is reorganized into ZAO "Farfor Verbilok"
- Dulevskiy Porcelain Factory (Duleyvo, Dulevo).
The factory was founded in 1832 in the waste lands of Dulevo of Pokrovskiy district of Vladimir province (since 1937 Likino-Dulevo of Orekhovo -Zuevo dostrict of Moscow region) by peasant T.Y. Kuznetsov. Since 1889 was owned by the association of M.S. Kuznetsov. It was nationalized and reconstructed after revolution. In 1924 it was given the name of newspaper Pravda. In 1934 the laboratory was organized attached to the factory. At present porcelain table and tea dishes and sculpture are manufactured there.
- Konakovskiy Porcelain Factory named after M.I. Kirov (Konakova, Konakovo).
The factory was founded in 1809 in the village of Domkino of Korchevskiy district of Tver province by pharmacist F.H. Brinner. On the 9th of June, 1810, it was sold to A.Y. Auerbach. In 1829 it is moved to the village of Kuznetsovo of the same district. In 1870 it was acquired by M.S. Kuznetsov. In 1918 it was nationalized. In the 1920s rising of production began. In 1924 the factory was renamed into the Tver Porcelain and Faience Factory named after M.I. Kalinin in Kuznetsovo. In 1931 it was called Konakovskaya Faience Factory named after M.I. Kalinin in Kalinin district, and since 1937 - Konakovskiy Faience factory named after M.I. Kalinin. In 1934 the laboratory was organized at the factory. During World War II the factory did not work. At present it is called Konakovskiy Faience factory.
- Budyanskiy Faience Factory "Sickle and Hammer".
The factory was founded by M.S. Kuznetsov in 1887 in the village of Budy of Kharkov district of Kharkov province on the place of distillery, which belonged to the rural landowner Kotlyar. It was nationalized after 1917. Production of faience articles was restarted in 1920-1921 (up to this time the factory was not working). The factory was a part of the All-Ukrainian Porcelain-Faience-Glass Trust. It was destroyed during the years of World War II; production was restored by 1953. Since the 1950s it has been producing plates and dishes of mass demand.
- Gruzino Porcelain and Faience Factory "Red Farforist".
The factory was found in 1900 in Chudovo near the village of Gruzino of Novgorod district of Novgorod province by I.E. Kuznetsov (now it is the settlement of Krasnofarfornyy of Chudovo district of Novgorod region). In 1918 it was nationalized. Production was renewed in the beginning of the 1920s. During July of 1942 the factory was evacuated into Saraktash (Orenburzhye); after World War II the work was recommenced. At present it is reorganized into the closed joint-stock company.
- Gorodnitskiy Porcelain Factory named after Comintern (Gorobnica, Gorodnitsa, Gorodnitsa Porcelain Factory) .
The factory was founded in 1807 in the settlement of Gorodnitsa of Novogradvolynskiy district of Volyn province as the daughter enterprise of Koretskaya textile mill. In 1814 it was passed to Prince Heinrich Lyubomirskiy. In 1856 the factory was acquired by V. Rulikovskiy. At the end 1870 the fire took place, and the factory was sold to a land bank. Further it was owned by R. Bosse, and S. Gizhitskiy, who granted it on lease to merchants, the Zusmans. The factory did not work after 1917. It was restored in 1923. In recent years it was reconstructed and reorganized into the collective enterprise.
- Pesochenskaya Faience Factory (Kirovskiy Faience Factory).
The factory was founded in 1951 in the village of Pesochnya (since 1936 Kirov of Kaluga province) of Zhizdrinskiy district of Kaluga province by Sergey Ivanovich Maltsov. In 1877 The Maltsov's Industrial Commercial Comradeship was founded, which managed the factory; in 1886 the government administration was formed, in 1889 competitive control was organized, and in 1892 the joint-stock company of the Maltsov's factorys was founded. Since 1889 the factory was leased by the comradeship of M.S. Kuznetsov, into property of which it was passed in 1911. In 1918 it was nationalized. In 1936 the factory was renamed as the Kirovskiy Faience factory.
- Riga Porcelain Factory.
Production unites two factorys. The first one was founded in 1841 (1843) in Dreylingsbush (Dreylini) near Riga by S.T. Kuznetsov. In 1864 it was handed down to M.S. Kuznetsov, and then to N.M. Kuznetsov. During the period between 1915 and 1920 it did not work in connection with the war. It was opened in 1920. In 1940 it is nationalized and renamed as the Riga Ceramic Factory. It did not work during the years of World War II. Production was restarted in 1946 and renamed into the Riga Porcelain and Faience factory. The second factory was founded in 1886 in Milgrabene by Y.K. Essen. Since 1921 it became the branch of N.M. Kuznetsov's factory. In 1940 it was nationalized. In 1963 two productions were united, and in 1968 it was called Riga Porcelain factory, now Latelektrokeramika.
- Pervomayskiy Porcelain Factory.
The factory was founded in 1884 in the village of Pesochnoe of Romanovo-Borisoglebskiy district of Yaroslavl province by the merchant P.A. Nikitin. In 1886 it was sold to the commercial house of V. Karyakin and V. Rakhmaninov, and in 1894 it became the property of the comradeship of M.S. Kuznetsov. In 1918 it was nationalized. In 1936 the artistic laboratory was created at the factory. In 2001 the factory was reorganized into ZAO "Pervomaiskiy Farfor".
- Proletarian Porcelain Factory (Bronnitskiy Porcelain Factory).
The factory was founded in 1884 in the village of Novaya Melnitsa, near the village of Bronnitsy, of Krestetskiy district of Novgorod province (now the settlement of Proletariy of Novgorod disrict of Novgorod region) by Peter Kazimirovich Reykhel. In 1889 the factory was closed, and in 1892 it was acquired by M.S. Kuznetsov. It began to work again in 1893. On the 19th of October, 1918 it was nationalized. From November of 1921 it was a part of the association of Novgubfarfor, and since 1927 of the Tsentrofarfortrest. In 1922 it was renamed into the Proletarian Factory; it was called Bronitskiy before). During the years of World War II it was evacuated to Krasnoyarsk, where it continued to work. In March of 1944 it was restored at the previous place. In 1962 reconstruction of production was made.